List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Florida, United States (contiguous states)
n = 177
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Table 1: 174 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 0 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 3 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 177 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table : 177 .
     
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Family Species Author Info Occurrence Common names Abundance Max length Maturity Remark Photo
Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) Fr, Br, Sp introduced  Mozambique mouthbrooder (English), Mozambique tilapia (English), Java tilapia (English), Largemouth kurper (English)  39 (unsexed)  Known from southern parts of the USA (Ref. 52307), including California, Texas (Ref. 2), Florida and Idaho (Ref. 3). Also Ref. 36683, 57426. 
Cichlidae Pelmatolapia mariae (Boulenger, 1899) Fr, Br introduced  Spotted tilapia (English)  32.3 SL (male)   
Percidae Percina caprodes (Rafinesque, 1818) Fr native  Logperch (English) common (usually seen) 18 TL (male)  Atlantic Slope drainages from Hudson River in New York to Potomac River in Maryland; Gulf Slope drainages from Choctawhatchee River in Alabama and Florida to Mississippi River in Louisiana. Common, but rare in Atlantic drainages (Ref. 5723). Also Ref. 10294. 
Percidae Percina nigrofasciata (Agassiz, 1854) Fr endemic  Blackbanded darter (English) common (usually seen) 11.1 TL (unsexed)  Most common darter throughout most of its range, but absent in St. Marys and Satilla rivers in southeastern Georgia, and rare in Altamaha River in Georgia (Ref. 5723). Collected from Burnt Corn Creek (Escambia River-Gulf of Mexico), Escambia County, Alabama (Ref. 41482). Also Ref. 10294. 
Percidae Percina vigil (Hay, 1882) Fr native  Saddleback darter (English) common (usually seen) 7.8 TL (male)  Common but somewhat localized (Ref. 5723). Collected from Bayou de Chien (Mississippi River), Hickman County, Kentucky (Ref. 41482). Also Ref. 10294. 
Petromyzontidae Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus, 1758 Fr, Br, M native  Sea lamprey (English), Eel sucker (English), Green lamprey (English), Lamper (English), Lamprey eel (English), Nine eyes (English), Shad lamprey (English), Spotted lamprey (English), Sucker (English)  120 TL (mixed)  East and West North Atlantic Ocean: Lake Superior Basin, Michigan; Lake Michigan Basin, Wisconsin, Michigan (Carp Lake, Betsie, Muskegon, Pentwater, Pine, and Platte rivers), Illinois, and Indiana; Lake Huron Basin, Michigan (Devils, East Au Gres, and Rifle rivers); Lake Erie Basin, New York, Ohio, Michigan; Lake Ontario Basin, New York; St. Lawrence River Basin (New York and Vermont) and along the eastern coast of the USA (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, South Carolina, Florida) from Newfoundland down to Florida and into the Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 89241). Individuals with access to ocean are anadromous. Spawning adults occur in gravel riffles and runs of streams. Feeding adults are found in ocean and lakes (Ref. 86798). A serious pest in landlocked areas (Ref. 5723). Also Ref. 7251, 27549. 
Poeciliidae Poecilia latipinna (Lesueur, 1821) Fr, Br, M, Or native  Sailfin molly (English)  12 SL (unsexed)  Type locality: Lake Ponchartrain, New Orleans, Louisiana (Ref. 79012). Transplanted elsewhere in western USA. A popular aquarium fish, found in 80% of pet shops near Lakes Erie and Ontario (Ref. 53249). Observed in hundreds in the Mangroves of Florida (Sailfin Molly, pers.comm. 09/2015; http://fishbase.us/fbforum/admin/view_topic.php?id=6341​). Also Ref. 7251. 
Centrarchidae Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur, 1829) Fr, Lf, Sp native  Black crappie (English), Crappie (English)  38.4 TL (unsexed)  Widely introduced all over the country. Presumably naturally occurring in the Atlantic Slope from Virginia to Florida, Gulf Slope west to Texas, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins south to the Gulf. Usually seen in lowlands; rarely encountered in uplands (Ref. 86798). Found in 1 out of 6 live fish markets near the Lakes Erie and Ontario (Ref. 53249). Also Ref. 1998, 10294. 
Cyprinidae Pteronotropis grandipinnis (Jordan, 1877) Fr native  Apalachee shiner (English) common (usually seen) 5.3 SL (male) , 4.9 SL (female)  Known from Apalachicola River drainage in Georgia, Alabama and Florida, USA (but absent in Chattahoochee River system north of Cedar Creek in Houston County, Alabama) (Ref. 86798). Restricted to the Apalachicola River drainage; tributaries to the east and west side of the river and is present in many Chipola River tributaries in Florida and extreme SE Alabama. Also occurs in the tributaries of the Flint R. from its mouth upstream to the Fall Line Hills in Taylor County, Georgia; and, few tributaries of Chattahoochee River in SE Alabama (Ref. 40813).  No picture yet.
Cyprinidae Pteronotropis hypselopterus (Günther, 1868) Fr native  Sailfin shiner (English) common (usually seen) 7 TL (male)  Known from Below Fall Line in Gulf drainages from St. Andrews Bay in Florida to Mobile Bay in Alabama; absent in Choctawhatchee River system above mouth of Pea River, Alabama (Ref. 86798). Also Ref. 5723, 40813. 
Cyprinidae Pteronotropis metallicus (Jordan & Meek, 1884) Fr native  Metallic shiner (English) common (usually seen) 6.5 TL (male)  Found in the Atlantic and Gulf drainages from St. Marys River in Georgia and Florida to New River in Florida panhandle, South in Florida to Alafia River system (Tampa Bay drainage) (Ref. 86798). Also Ref. 40813. 
Cyprinidae Pteronotropis signipinnis (Bailey & Suttkus, 1952) Fr native  Flagfin shiner (English) common (usually seen) 7 TL (male)  Known from Coastal Plain from Apalachicola River drainage in Florida to to Lake Pontchartrain drainage in Louisiana (Ref. 86798). Locally abundant (Ref. 5723, 86798). 
Cyprinidae Pteronotropis welaka (Evermann & Kendall, 1898) Fr, Thr native  Bluenose shiner (English) common (usually seen) 6.5 TL (male)  Known from the middle St. Johns River drainage in Florida; Gulf drainages (mostly below Fall Line) from Apalachicola River in Georgia and Florida to Pearl River in Mississippi and Louisiana (Ref. 86798). Locally common (Ref. 86798). Also Ref. 3881, 5723, 52299. Status of threat: vulnerable. Criteria: 1 (http://fisc.er.usgs.gov/afs/) (Ref. 81264). 
Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus (Weber, 1991) Fr introduced  Vermiculated sailfin catfish (English) common (usually seen) 39.93 SL (unsexed)  Relatively abundant in several natural streams - Hillsborough River drainage, Florida; Pearl River, Mississippi; Julian reservior, North Carolina; Long Lake, Washington, etc. May have a significant impact on the aquatic food base negatively affecting native invertebrate and vertebrate species (Nico, personal observations Ref. 56962). Reported to attach to endangered native manatees (Trachechus manatus latirostris) and graze on the epibiota of their skin, adverse impact on manatees uncertain (Ref. 82066). 
Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Hancock, 1828) Fr introduced  Orinoco sailfin catfish (English), Sailfin catfish (English), Radiated ptero (English), Sailfish catfish (English) common (usually seen) 50 TL (male)   
Cichlidae Rocio octofasciata (Regan, 1903) Fr introduced  Jack Dempsey (English), Jack Dempsey (English)  25 TL (male)   
Cichlidae Sarotherodon melanotheron Rüppell, 1852 Fr, Br introduced  Blackchin tilapia (English), Blackchin mouthbrooder (English), African sunfish (English)  26 (unsexed)  Reported from the Hillsborough Bay area in 1955. Presumed to have been brought to the United States before then by tropical fish dealers (Ref. 13090). Depletion of aquatic vegetation reported in areas where it is common due to overgrazing. Constitute 90% of fish biomass in Lithia Springs, co-occuring with largemouth bass and bluegill which appeared diseased and malnourished (Ref. 10757). Also Ref. 12732, 13090. 
Cyprinidae Semotilus thoreauianus Jordan, 1877 Fr native  Dixie chub (English) common (usually seen) 15 TL (male)  Known from the Gulf Slope from Ochlockonee River system in Georgia and Florida to Tombigbee River system in Alabama (Ref. 86798). 
Belonidae Strongylura notata forsythia Breder, 1932 Fr, Br, M native   40.5 SL (male)  Known from southern Florida, and the Gulf of Mexico west to Mobile Bay, Alabama (Ref. 50279). 
Syngnathidae Syngnathus fuscus Storer, 1839 Fr, Br, M native  Northern pipefish (English)  30.5 TL (unsexed)  Present in the continental shelf waters off the northeastern United States (Ref. 37512); Chesapeake Bay (Ref. 27549, 93252). 
Syngnathidae Syngnathus scovelli (Evermann & Kendall, 1896) Fr, Br, M native  Gulf pipefish (English)  9.8 TL (female)  Found in freshwater habitats in the United States (Ref. 30499). 
Cichlidae Thorichthys meeki Brind, 1918 Fr introduced  Firemouth cichlid (English), Firemouth cichlid (English), Redbreasted cichlid (English)  17 TL (male)   
Osphronemidae Trichopsis vittata (Cuvier, 1831) Fr introduced  Croaking gourami (English)  7 SL (male)   
Achiridae Trinectes maculatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Fr, Br, M native  Hogchoker (English)  20 TL (male) 10 TL Rare north of Cape Cod (Ref. 7135). 
Umbridae Umbra pygmaea (DeKay, 1842) Fr, Br native  Eastern mudminnow (English) common (usually seen) 15.2 TL (unsexed) 3.48 TL Limited to the eastern coastal plain of the United States from southern New York to Florida, including Gulf coast of Florida (Ref. 27549). Occurrence in Chesapeake Bay: common in low-luing streams and swamps; occasionally in tidal waters with salinities as high as 17% (Ref. 93252). Also Ref. 276, 3814. 
Poeciliidae Xiphophorus maculatus (Günther, 1866) Fr, Or introduced  Southern platyfish (English), Platy (English)  4 SL (male) 1.3 SL A popular aquarium fish, found in 85% of pet shops near Lakes Erie and Ontario (Ref. 53249). 
Poeciliidae Xiphophorus variatus (Meek, 1904) Fr introduced  Variable platyfish (English), Sunset platy (English), Variegated (English) occasional (usually not seen) 7 TL (male)   
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