Fibramia lateralis (Valenciennes, 1832)
Humpback cardinal
Fibramia lateralis
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes), subfamily: Apogoninae
Max. size:  11 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 3 m, non-migratory
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Tonga, north to Japan; Mariana and Caroline islands in Micronesia; south to Lord Howe Island (Ref. 9710).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 7-7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal spines: 2-2; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Silvery, deep-bodied, head profile slightly concave (Ref. 48635). Dark narrow line from angle of opercle to a small spot at caudal base; front and tip of 1st dorsal black in color (Ref. 4329). Greatest depth of body 2.5-2.7 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  A euryhaline species (Ref. 59012), common in freshwater and estuaries (Ref. 4329), shallow sheltered inshore reefs or river mouths, among clumps of algae or algal covered rubble. Found in aggregations (Ref. 9710).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 03 March 2009 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 11.06.92
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 21.06.16
Checked by: Bailly, Nicolas - 07.06.11

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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