Temera hardwickii Gray, 1831
Finless sleeper ray
Temera hardwickii
photo by Krajangdara, T. & S. Rodpradit

Family:  Narkidae (Sleeper rays)
Max. size:  46 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; marine
Distribution:  Eastern Indian Ocean and North-West Pacific; Thailand to Vietnam, including Malaysia.
Biology:  Found in continental waters, both inshore and offshore (Ref. 9913); primarily inshore on soft substrates (Ref. 114953). Probably feeds on small benthic invertebrates. Females reported to produce 4 pups a litter (Ref. 114953). Biology little known (Ref. 9913). Maturity size of males reaches at 8-10 cm TL (Ref. 114953).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 31 October 2020 (A2d) Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  other

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