More info | Plus d'info | Mais info FishBase

References using Trichogaster trichopterus
Ref No. Description Page
000280  Herre, A.W.C.T.,1953 Check list of Philippine fishes. Res. Rep. U.S. Fish Wild. Serv. (20):1-977. 223
000557  Wheeler, A.,1977 Das grosse Buch der Fische. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co. Stuttgart. 356 p. 342
001672  Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch,1991 Aquarien Atlas. Band. 1. Melle: Mergus, Verlag für Natur-und Heimtierkunde, Germany. 992 p. 648
001739  Welcomme, R.L.,1988 International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 294. 318 p. 286-287
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
002091  Roberts, T.R.,1989 The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p. 177
002120  Thurston, R.V. and P.C. Gehrke,1993 Respiratory oxygen requirements of fishes: description of OXYREF, a data file based on test results reported in the published literature. p. 95-108. In R.C. Russo & R.V. Thurston (eds.) Fish Physiology, Toxicology, and Water Quality Management. Proceedings of an International Symposium, Sacramento, California, USA, September 18-19, 1990. US Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-93/157.
002209  Hinegardner, R. and D.E. Rosen,1972 Cellular DNA content and the evolution of teleostean fishes. Am. Nat. 106(951):621-644.
002220  Post, A.,1965 Vergleichende Untersuchungen der Chromosomenzahlen bei Süßwasser-Teleosteern. Z. Zool. Syst. Evol.-Forsch. 3:47-93.
002371  Burggren, W.W.,1979 Biomodal gas exchange during variation in environmental oxygen and carbon dioxide in the air breathing fish Trichogaster trichopterus. J. Exp. Biol. 82:197-213.
002847  Allen, G.R.,1991 Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea. Publication, no. 9. 268 p. Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea. 215
002854  Herre, A.W.C.T.,1924 Distribution of the true freshwater fishes in the Philippines. II. Philippine Labyrinthici, Clariidae, and Siluridae. Philipp. J. Sci. 24(6):683-709.
002858  Conlu, P.V.,1986 Guide to Philippine flora and fauna. Fishes. Volume IX. Natural Resources Management Center, Quezon City. 495 p.
003902  Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency,1969 Sambor Project Report. Lower Mekong River Basin. vol. 6. Fishery. Supplementary Material to Volume 1. Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency, Japan.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004537  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. 157-158
004789  Department of Fisheries,1987 Annual fishery statistics. Ministry of Agriculture, Malaysia.
004792  Taki, Y.,1974 Fishes of the Lao Mekong Basin. United States Agency for International Development Mission to Laos Agriculture Division. 232 p.
004835  Mohsin, A.K.M. and M.A. Ambak,1983 Freshwater fishes of Peninsular Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Malaysia. 284 p.
004867  Pauly, D., M. Small, R. Vore and M.L.D. Palomares,1990 Fisheries yields and morphoedaphic index of Lake Mainit, Philippines. p. 835-838. In R. Hirano and I. Hanyu (eds.) The Second Asian Fisheries Forum. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines. 991 p. 838
005193  Shen, S.C. (ed.),1993 Fishes of Taiwan. Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei. 960 p.
006028  Pethiyagoda, R.,1991 Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. 362 p. 270
006029  Courtenay, W.R. Jr., D.A. Hensley, J.N. Taylor and J.A. McCann,1984 Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States. p. 41-77. In W.R. Courtenay, Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (eds.) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.
006095  Ang, K.J., R. Gopinath and T.E. Chua,1989 The status of introduced fish species in Malaysia. p. 71-82. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.
006096  Juliano, R.O., R.D. Guerrero III and I. Ronquillo,1989 The introduction of exotic aquatic species in the Philippines. p. 83-90. In S.S. De Silva (ed.) Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia. Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3, 154 p. Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines.
006107  Schuster, W.H. and R. Djajadiredja,1952 Local common names of Indonesian fishes. W.V. Hoeve, Bandung, Indonesia. 276 p.
006367  West, G.J. and J. Glucksman,1976 Introduction and distribution of exotic fish in Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Agric. J. 27(1-2):19-48.
006993  Kailola, P.J.,1987 The fishes of Papua New Guinea. A revised and annotated checklist. Vol. 1. Myxinidae to Synbranchidae. Research Bulletin No. 41. Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. 194 p. xiii
007020  Mills, D. and G. Vevers,1989 The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Tetra Press, New Jersey. 208 p. 192
007050  Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo,1993 Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. 165;pl.78
007223  Kottelat, M.,1993 Technical report on the fishes from fresh and brackish waters of Leyte, Philippines. Technical Report prepared for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH and ViSCA-GTZ Ecology Program, Visayan State College of Agriculture, Philippines. Route de Fregiêcourt 96c, Case postale 57, CH-2952 Cornol, Switzerland. 54 p.
008938  Gyldenholm, A.O. and J.J. Scheel,1974 Chromosome numbers of fishes. I. p. 90-97. In J.P. Wourms, D.E. Semler, J.V. Merriner Genetic studies of fish:II. MSS Information Corporation, New York.
008973  Vasil'ev, V.P.,1980 Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38. 25
009497  Roberts, T.R.,1993 Artisanal fisheries and fish ecology below the great waterfalls of the Mekong River in southern Laos. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 41:31-62. 35
009574  Lindsey, C.C.,1978 Form, function and locomotory habits in fish. p. 1-100. In W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall (eds.) Fish Physiology VII. Academic Press, New York.
009648  Sidthimunka, A.,1970 A report on the fisheries survey of the Mekong River in the vicinity of the Pa Mong Dam site. Inland Fisheries Division, Department of Fisheries, Bangkok, Thailand. 75 p. 15
009749  Blake, R.W.,1981 Influence of pectoral fin shape on thrust and drag in labriform locomotion. J. Zool. 194(1):53-66.
010937  Anonymous,1996 Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
012157  ASAP, Aquarium Science Association of the Philippines,1996 Aquarium species in the Philippines. ASAP Aquarist Database Report. 9 p. Quezon City, Philippines. 9
012193  Hugg, D.O.,1996 MAPFISH georeferenced mapping database. Freshwater and estuarine fishes of North America. Life Science Software. Dennis O. and Steven Hugg, 1278 Turkey Point Road, Edgewater, Maryland, USA.
012204  Coad, B.W.,1995 Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. Singapore. 12
012559  McKay, R.J.,1984 Introductions of exotic fishes in Australia. p. 177-199. In Courtenay, W.R. Jr. and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. (Editors). Distribution, Biology and Management of Exotic fishes. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 193
012693  Rainboth, W.J.,1996 Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. 216
012975  Taki, Y.,1978 An analytical study of the fish fauna of the Mekong basin as a biological production system in nature. Research Institute of Evolutionary Biology Special Publications no. 1,77 p. Tokyo, Japan. 37,55
013364  Lever, C.,1996 Naturalized fishes of the world. Academic Press, California, USA. 408 p. 330-331
013371  Riehl, R. and H.A. Baensch,1996 Aquarien Atlas, Band 1. 10th edition. Mergus Verlag GmBH, Melle, Germany. 992 p. 648
013446  Mercene, E.C.,1997 Freshwater fishes of the Philippines. p. 81-105. In R.Guerrero III, A. Calpe, and L. Darvin (eds.). Aquatic Biology Research and Development in the Philippines (Proceedings of the First Nat'l Symposium-Workshop on Aquatic Biology R&D, Nov. 28-29, 1995, Los Baños, Laguna). PCAMRD Bk. Ser. 20. 96,101
013460  Vallejo, A.N.,1985 Fishes of Laguna de Bay. Nat. Appl. Sci. Bull. 37(4):285-346. 319-20;fig.25
026129  Arthur, J.R. and S. Lumanlan-Mayo,1997 Checklist of the parasites of fishes of the Philippines. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 369, 102 p. FAO, Rome. 75
026563  Hwang, H.C., I.Y. Chen and P.C. Yueh,1988 The freshwater fishes of China in colored illustrations. Vol. 2. Shanghai Sciences and Technology Press, Shanghai, China. 201 p.
026747  Kottelat, M.,1990 Synopsis of the endangered Buntingi (Osteichthyes: Adrianichthyidae and Oryziidae) of Lake Poso, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, with a new reproductive guild and description of three new species. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 1(1):49-68. 49
027732  Kottelat, M.,1998 Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Bangfai basins, Laos, with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 9(1):1-128. 116
029544  Calton, M.S. and T.E. Denton,1974 Chromosomes of the chocolate gourami: A cytogenetic anomaly. Science 185(4151):618-619.
029628  Abe, S.,1975 Karyotypes of 6 species of anabantoid fishes. CIS. 19:5-7.
030184  Arkhipchuk, V.V.,1999 Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.
030491  Schliewen, U.K.,1992 Aquarium fish. Barron's Education Series, Incorporated. 159 p. 648
030503  Rass, T.S.,1983 Fish. Vol. 4, Life of animals. V.E. Sokolov (ed.), Moscow: Prosveschenie. 575p.
030857  Baird, I.G., V. Inthaphaisy, P. Kisouvannalath, B. Phylavanh and B. Mounsouphom,1999 The fishes of southern Lao. Lao Community Fisheries and Dolphin Protection Project. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Lao PDR.161 p. 137
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
034011  Martin-Smith, K.M. and H.H. Tan,1998 Diversity of freshwater fishes from eastern Sabah: annotated checklist for Danum valley and a consideration of inter- and intra-catchment variability. Raffles Bull. Zool. 46(2):573-604. 593
034370  Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven,1995 Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften. 174
034766  Koref-Santibanez, S. and H.-J. Paepke,1994 Karyotypes of the Trichogasterinae Liem (Teleostei, Anabantoidei). p. 55. In Abstr. VIII Congr. Soc. Europ. Ichthyol., Oviedo.
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
036073  Kuo, S.-R. and K.-T. Shao,1999 Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan. Zool. Stud. 38(4):391-404. 394
036625  Khoa, T.T. and T.T.T. Huong,1993 Dinh Loai Cá Nuóc Ngot Vùng Dông Bang Sông Cuu Long. Khoa Thuy San Truong Dai Hoc Can Tho, p 3-8. 7
036654  Kottelat, M.,1985 Fresh-water fishes of Kampuchea. Hydrobiologia 121:249-279. 275
036662  Lamberts, D and T. Sarath,1997 Base line information on the ecology of the fish and the habitats of the flood area of the Tonlé Sap Lake in Siem Reap Province, Cambodia. GCP/CMB/002/BEL.
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
037770  Sokheng, C., C.K. Chhea, S. Viravong, K. Bouakhamvongsa, U. Suntornratana, N. Yoorong, N.T. Tung, T.Q. Bao, A.F. Poulsen and J.V. Jørgensen,1999 Fish migrations and spawning habits in the Mekong mainstream: a survey using local knowledge (basin-wide). Assessment of Mekong fisheries: Fish Migrations and Spawning and the Impact of Water Management Project (AMFC). AMFP Report 2/99. Vientiane, Lao, P.D.R.
037773  Monkolprasit, S., S. Sontirat, S. Vimollohakarn and T. Songsirikul,1997 Checklist of Fishes in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Thailand. 353 p. 235
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041184  Ng, H.H., H.H. Tan and K.K.P. Lim,1999 The inland fishes of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 1999(Suppl.6):169-187. 183
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041595  Britz, R. and J.A. Cambray,2001 Structure of egg surfaces and attachment organs in anabantoids. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 12(3):267-288. 280
041805  Bassleer, G.,1997 Color guide of tropical fish diseases: on freshwater fish. Bassleer Biofish, Westmeerbeek, Belgium. 272 p. 97
042107  Doi, A., R. Komatsu and D.I. Hartoto,2000 Fish occurring in a black water Oxbow Lake in South Borneo. Rep. Suwa Hydrobiol. 12:25-28. 27
042706  Chung, D.S.L., P.K.L. Ng and D.H. Murphy,1994 Preliminary studies of the feeding ecology of blackwater Belontiidae of North Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia. p. 76-86. Proc. 4th Indo-Pacific Fish Con. Bangkok, Thailand. Systematics and Evolution of Indo-Pacific Fishes. Faculty of Fisheries, Kasetart University. 85
042982  Chuenpagdee, R.,2002 Checklist of Thai names and scripts. Personal communication, April 2002.
043281  Kottelat, M.,2001 Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p. 160
043309  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection of the University of the Philippines in the Visayas Museum. UPV Museum.
043857  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection of the Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology (MSU-IIT). MSU-IIT, Iligan City, Philippines.
044416  Kottelat, M.,2001 Freshwater fishes of northern Vietnam. A preliminary check-list of the fishes known or expected to occur in northern Vietnam with comments on systematics and nomenclature. Environment and Social Development Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region. The World Bank. 123 p. 62
045353  Motomura, H., S. Tsukawaki and T. Kamiya,2002 A preliminary survey of the fishes of Lake Tonle Sap near Siem Reap, Cambodia. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus. 28(4):233-246. 238
045563  Wang, S. (ed.),1998 China red data book of endangered animals. Pisces. National Environmental Protection Agency. Endangered Species Scientific Commision. Science Press, Beijing, China. 247p. 238
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048502  Bassleer, G.,2003 The new ilustrated guide to fish diseases in ornamental tropical and pond fish. Bassleer Biofish, Stationstraat 130, 2235 Westmeerbeek, Belgium, 1st Edition, 232 p. 142;ill.638
051243  Riede, K.,2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
051539  Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten (BMELF),1999 Gutachten über Mindestanforderungen an die Haltung von Zierfischen (Süßwasser). Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten (BMELF), Bonn, Germany. 16 p.
051882  FiCen,2050 Common freshwater fishes of Vietnam. Fisheries Information Center of Vietnam (FiCen). Sô 10 Nguyen Công Hoan-Ba Dinh-Há Nôi, Vietnam. Poster.
053249  Rixon, C.A.M., I.C. Duggan, N.M.N. Bergeron, A. Ricciardi and H.J. Macisaac,2005 Invasion risks posed by the aquarium trade and live fish markets on the Laurentian Great Lakes. Biodivers. Conserv. 14:1365-1381. 6
055380  Ma, X., X. Bangxi, W. Yindong and W. Mingxue,2003 Intentionally introduced and transferred fishes in China's inland waters. Asian Fish. Sci. 16(3&4):279-290. 281
056386  Tan, H.H. and P.K.L. Ng,2005 The labyrinth fishes (Teleostei: Anabantoidei, Channoidei) of Sumatra, Indonesia. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (13):115-138. 132
056905  Aloun, P.,2006 Fishes of Laos. Unpublished compilation of P. Aloun.
057235  Vidthayanon, C.,2002 Peat swamp fishes of Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Thailand, 136 p. 110
057749  Keith, P., G. Marquet, P. Valade, P. Bosc and E. Vigneux,2006 Atlas des poissons et des crustacés d'eau douce des Comores, Mascareignes et Seychelles. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Patrimoines naturels, 65:250p. 180-181
057780  Parenti, L.R. and K.K.P. Lim,2005 Fishes of the Rajang basin, Sarawak, Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (13):175-208. 195
057970  Thomas, R.,2005 Fishes and ecological aspects in the southern region of Lake Toba and its associated rivers, Sumatra, Indonesia. Malayan Nature Journal 57(1):81-89. 84
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
059373  Cole, B., C.S. Tamaru, R. Bailey and C. Brown,1999 A manual for commercial production of the gourami, Trichogaster trichopterus, a temporary paired spawner. Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture Publication Number 135.
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
078619  Liang, S.-H., L.-C. Chuang and M.-H. Chang,2006 The pet trade as a source of invasive fish in Taiwan. Taiwania 51(2):93-98. 96
080679  BFAR,1996 Rapid Resource Appraisal of Taal Lake. Fisheries Component. First Report. UPLB Foundation Inc. and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. App.1
081820  Central Luzon State University,1996 Progress Report (1996) on the Establishment of a 'Living' Museum. A report submitted to Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research (PCAMRD) in collaboration with Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), Department of Agriculture (DA) and International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM). App.1
081887  Mamaril, AC,2001 Translocation of the clupeid Sardinella tawilis to another lake in the Philippines: A proposal and ecological considerations. pp. 137-147. In CB Santiago, ML Cuvin-Aralar and ZU Basiao (eds). Conservation and Ecological Management of Philippine Lakes in Relation to Fisheries and Aquaculture. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department, Iloilo, Philippines; Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Quezon City, Philippines. 187pp. 141
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
085823  Garcia, L.M.B.,2010 Species composition and length-weight relationship of fishes in the Candaba wetland on Luzon Island, Philippines. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26:946-948. 947
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
114975  Jumawan, J.C. and R.A. Seronay,2017 Length-weight relationships of fishes in eight floodplain lakes of Agusan Marsh, Philippines. Phil. J. Scie. 146(1):95-99. 97
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118272  FAO-FIES,2018 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118402  Huang, C.-Y., C.-P. Lin and H.-C. Lin,2011 Morphological and biochemical variations in the gills of 12 aquatic air-breathing anabantoid fish. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 84(2):125-134. 126
119549  Halwart, M. and M.V. Gupta,2004 Culture of fish in rice fields. FAO and The WorldFish Center, 83 p. 26;tab.3
Back to Search
Back to Top
cfm script by eagbayani, 03.05.00 ,  php script by mortiz, 06.07.10 ,  last modified by mortiz, 10:35 AM 06.07.10