Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar dasar (demersal); pH range: 5.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 12. Tropical; 25°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 5°N - 5°S
Asia: Endemic to Indonesia (Sumatra and Borneo).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 30.5 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 92922); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 469.00 g (Ref. 92922)
Body orange with 3 black bars. Eyes not covered with skin (Ref. 13274).
Adults are found mostly at the bottom of main river channels, often hiding under rocks, woods, or in mud cavities (Ref. 92922). Juveniles are often found in the floodplains (Ref. 92922). Adults feed on worms, crustaceans and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Aquarium keeping: aggressive; in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 150 cm (Ref. 51539).
Breeding occurs at the beginning of the rainy season in fast flowing rivers (Ref. 1672).
Kottelat, M., 2004. Botia kubotai, a new species of loach (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from the Ataran River basin (Myanmar), with comments on botiine nomenclature and diagnosis of a new genus. Zootaxa 401:1-18. (Ref. 50472)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Akuarium: Bernilai komersial tinggi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00411 - 0.02324), b=2.99 (2.79 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 274 [137, 559] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.55 [0.87, 2.72] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [15.3, 19.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.377 [0.192, 0.783] g/100g ; Selenium = 61.1 [27.4, 130.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.6 [16.5, 132.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.86 [1.24, 3.00] mg/100g (wet weight);