Labeo chrysophekadion, Black sharkminnow : fisheries, aquarium

Labeo chrysophekadion (Bleeker, 1849)

Black sharkminnow
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Image of Labeo chrysophekadion (Black sharkminnow)
Labeo chrysophekadion
Picture by Warren, T.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 15; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243).   熱帶; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.
亞洲: 湄公河與湄南河流域,馬來半島,蘇門答臘,爪哇與婆羅洲。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 37770); 最大体重: 7.0 kg (Ref. 37770)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Has black body and fins; a large dorsal fin, with anterior branched dorsal rays longer than head length; 15-18 branched dorsal rays; both lips fringed; juveniles all black; large adults grey with one iridescent spot on each scale (Ref. 27732).
有黑色的身体与鳍; 一个大的背鳍, 藉由前面的分枝背鳍鳍条长度超过头长; 15-18个分枝的背鳍鳍条; 两者的唇边缘了; 稚鱼全黑的; 大的成鱼灰色的在每个鳞片上有一彩虹色的斑点.(参考文献 27732)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in rivers, streams, canals and inundated floodplains. Sometimes seen in impoundments, but not in great numbers. Like other planktivorous and detritivorous carps, it begins spawning after the first thunderstorms of the coming rainy season. It spawns upstream from shallow sandbars that line long river bends. The eggs settle out in the shallow water and hatch just as water levels begin to rise following the initiation of seasonal rains. The fry immediately move into inundated grasses along the bank and continue to follow the leading edge of the advancing water as floodwaters spread over the land. Adults also migrate out into seasonally flooded areas where they feed on algae, periphyton, phytoplankton and detritus. They return to rivers from October to December (Ref. 12693). In Laos and Thailand, it migrates upstream at the onset of rainy season. In Cambodia, it undertakes upstream migration between October and March and downstream migration from March to August (Ref. 37770). A desirable food fish which is marketed fresh, dried and salted (Ref. 12693).

出现于河,溪流,管与浸水的洪泛区。 有时在圈围水域中见到, 但是不是数量庞大。 像其他的食浮游生物的与 detritivorous 鲤鱼, 它开始在即将来雨季的第一个雷雨之后产卵。 它产卵从水浅的河口沙洲那一条线长的河湾游向上游。 卵在浅水区中的定居而且正如孵化当水位开始上升的时候跟随季节性雨的开始。 当洪水在土地之上传布的时候,鱼苗紧邻移进中 , 浸水的草沿着浅堆而且继续跟随前进水的前缘。 成鱼也进入季节性地洪泛区之内移动出在那里它们吃藻类, 固着生物,浮游植物与碎屑。 他们回到来自十月到十二月的河。 (參考文獻 12693) 在寮國與泰國,它在雨季的開始溯河迴游。 在柬埔寨,它進行在十月與三月與八月的向下游的遷移從三月之間的溯溪迴游。 (參考文獻 37770) 一個令人滿意的食用魚是生鮮銷售﹐乾燥的與鹽醃的.(參考文獻 12693)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

亞洲: 湄公河與湄南河流域,馬來半島,蘇門答臘,爪哇與婆羅洲。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Roberts, T.R., 1989. The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p. (Ref. 2091)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 October 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00505 - 0.01647), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 109 [36, 218] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.663 [0.419, 1.071] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.3 [15.4, 17.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.234 [0.112, 0.514] g/100g ; Selenium = 284 [130, 648] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.17 [3.97, 22.45] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.21 [0.78, 1.87] mg/100g (wet weight);