Arius maculatus, Spotted catfish : fisheries

Arius maculatus (Thunberg, 1792)

Spotted catfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Arius maculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Arius maculatus
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Siluriformes (Catfishes) > Ariidae (Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: Arius: Greek, arios, areios = dealing with Mars, warlike, bellicose (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; süßwasser; brackwasser demersal; potamodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 50 - 100 m (Ref. 28016), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 33°N - 4°S

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: off the west and east coast of India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and the Indo-Australian Archipelago (excluding Australia). Known from the Mekong Delta (Ref. 12693).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 38 - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 11441); common length : 30.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3290)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 1; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 7; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 16 - 30. Head shield somewhat rugose; deep and long median fontanelle groove.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults occurs in inshore waters and estuaries. Occasionally form schools. Feed on invertebrates and small fishes. Males incubate eggs in the mouth (Ref. 205). Caught mainly with set bag nets and bamboo stake traps. Marketed fresh (Ref. 3290). Air bladders are exported as isinglass used by the wine industry (Ref. 43081). Strong venomous dorsal and pectoral spines provide protection for the fish (Ref. 43081).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Males incubate eggs in buccal cavity. During incubation, males starve which sometimes make them resort to swallowing one or two eggs probably to maintain basal metabolism (Ref. 43081). Early hatching embryos commence feeding on inhaled particles by the female when still in possession of large yolk.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | Partner

Kailola, P.J., 1999. Ariidae (=Tachysuridae): sea catfishes (fork-tailed catfishes). p. 1827-1879. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 38478)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 58010)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.5 - 28.2, mean 26.4 °C (based on 130 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00589 - 0.01479), b=3.05 (2.92 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.46 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tmax=7).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 156 [53, 479] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.12 [0.72, 1.76] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [15.6, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.45 [0.20, 0.94] g/100g ; Selenium = 94.3 [46.1, 193.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.5 [4.1, 27.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.07 [0.52, 6.65] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.