Arius maculatus, Spotted catfish : fisheries

Arius maculatus (Thunberg, 1792)

Spotted catfish
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Arius maculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Arius maculatus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Siluriformes (Catfishes) > Ariidae (Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: Arius: Greek, arios, areios = dealing with Mars, warlike, bellicose (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 50 - 100 m (Ref. 28016), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 0°C - ; 33°N - 4°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: off the west and east coast of India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and the Indo-Australian Archipelago (excluding Australia). Known from the Mekong Delta (Ref. 12693).
印度-西太平洋: 外海的印度西部與東部海岸,斯里蘭卡,巴基斯坦,孟加拉, 緬甸到阿拉弗拉海 (參考文獻 9819) 與印澳群島.(排除澳洲) 已知來自湄公河三角州了。 (參考文獻 12693)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 38 - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 11441); common length : 30.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3290)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 1; 背的软条 (总数): 7; 臀鳍软条: 16 - 30. Head shield somewhat rugose; deep and long median fontanelle groove.
头盾略微多皱纹的; 深的而且长的中央囱门凹槽。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occurs in inshore waters and estuaries. Occasionally form schools. Feed on invertebrates and small fishes. Males incubate eggs in the mouth (Ref. 205). Caught mainly with set bag nets and bamboo stake traps. Marketed fresh (Ref. 3290). Air bladders are exported as isinglass used by the wine industry (Ref. 43081). Strong venomous dorsal and pectoral spines provide protection for the fish (Ref. 43081).

出现于近岸水域与河口。 捕食无脊椎动物与小鱼。 偶然地形成鱼群。 主要地以定置袋网与竹制鱼笼捕捉。 在市场上销售生鲜地了。 (参考文献 3290) 气鳔输出作为被制酒业使用的鱼胶。 (参考文献 43081) 强的有毒背部的与胸棘给鱼提供保护.(参考文献 43081)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Males incubate eggs in buccal cavity. During incubation, males starve which sometimes make them resort to swallowing one or two eggs probably to maintain basal metabolism (Ref. 43081). Early hatching embryos commence feeding on inhaled particles by the female when still in possession of large yolk.印度-西太平洋: 外海的印度西部與東部海岸,斯里蘭卡,巴基斯坦,孟加拉, 緬甸到阿拉弗拉海 (參考文獻 9819) 與印澳群島.(排除澳洲) 已知來自湄公河三角州了。 (參考文獻 12693)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | 合作者

Kailola, P.J., 1999. Ariidae (=Tachysuridae): sea catfishes (fork-tailed catfishes). p. 1827-1879. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 38478)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  不评价 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  引起创伤的 (Ref. 58010)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.5 - 28.2, mean 26.4 °C (based on 130 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00589 - 0.01479), b=3.05 (2.92 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.46 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tmax=7).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 156 [53, 479] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.12 [0.72, 1.76] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [15.6, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.45 [0.20, 0.94] g/100g ; Selenium = 94.3 [46.1, 193.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.5 [4.1, 27.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.07 [0.52, 6.65] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.