Monopterus albus, Asian swamp eel : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793)

Asian swamp eel
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Monopterus albus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Synbranchiformes (Spiny eels) > Synbranchidae (Swamp-eels)
Etymology: Monopterus: Greek, monos = one, unique + Greek, pteron = fin (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 3 - m (Ref. 2686), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060); 34°N - 6°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Asia: India to China, Japan, Malaysia and Indonesia. Probably occurring in Bangladesh.
亞洲: 印度到中國,日本,馬來西亞與印尼。 可能出現在孟加拉。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2686); common length : 40.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 44894)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Anguilliform body; no scales; no pectoral and pelvic fins; dorsal, caudal and anal fins confluent and reduced to a skin fold; gill openings merged into single slit underneath the head (Ref. 27732). Rice paddy eels are red to brown with a sprinkling of dark flecks across their backs; large mouths and small eyes (Ref. 44091).
鳗鱼状的身体; 没有鳞片; 没有胸鳍与腹鳍; 背鳍、尾鳍与臀鳍汇合的而且缩小成皮肤摺层; 鳃裂在头部的下面合并成单一裂缝了。 (参考文献 27732) 稻田鳗鱼是红色到褐色的有横过他们的背部的一个深色斑纹的喷雾; 大的嘴与小的眼.(参考文献 44091)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in hill streams to lowland wetlands (Ref. 57235) often occurring in ephemeral waters (Ref. 44894). Adults are found in medium to large rivers, flooded fields and stagnant waters including sluggish flowing canals (Ref. 12975, 12693), in streamlets and estuaries (Ref. 41236). Benthic (Ref. 58302), burrowing in moist earth in dry season surviving for long periods without water (Ref 2686). Occasionally dug out in old taro fields, in Hawaii, long after the field has been drained; more frequently observed in stream clearing operations using heavy equipment to remove large amounts of silt and vegetation where the eels are hidden (Ref. 44091). Nocturnal predators devouring fishes, worms, crustaceans, and other small aquatic animals (Ref. 44091); also feed on detritus. Are protandrous hermaphrodites. The male guards and builds nest or burrow (Ref. 205). Marketed fresh and can be kept alive for long periods of time as long as the skin is kept moist (Ref. 12693). Good flesh (Ref. 2686). Important fisheries throughout Southeast Asia (Ref. 57235).

发现于对低地的洼地丘陵的溪流了。 (参考文献 57235) 出现于小溪,管与河口。 (参考文献 41236) 生活在泥泞的池塘,沼泽与稻田; 在湿地中掘穴在干季时长时间在没有水的情形下存活 (参考文献 2686). 常见于稻田。 (参考文献 12693) 栖息于静止的沼泽与池塘的水, 但是有时逐渐地发现于流动的溪流。 时常出现于短暂存在的水域中。 (参考文献 44894) 在夏威夷,偶然地在旧的芋田中挖出了, 在田野已经干涸之后很久; 更时常在使用重机械除去大量的淤泥与植物的溪流浚喋工程中观察鰻魚就藏著那裡.(參考文獻 44091) 發現於包括滯流的管的中型到大型河川,被水淹沒的田野與污濁的水域了。 (參考文獻 12975) 他們是夜行的掠食者吞食魚,蠕蟲,甲殼動物與其他的小水生的動物;(參考文獻 44091) 也吃碎屑。 在乾季的時候沼澤的最深部份挖掘後發現他們。 在市場上銷售生鮮地了而且能被長時間保持存活只要皮膚保持潮溼.(參考文獻 12693) 肉質佳.(參考文獻 2686) 雄性先熟的雌雄同體。 漁場之一重要的 thranyhont 東南亞.(參考文獻 57235)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Male builds a large free-floating bubblenest among the submerged vegetation close to the shoreline; eggs are spat into the nest after being laid; male guards the nest and continues to guard the young after hatching till they are on their own (Ref. 44091). Spawning occurs in shallow water (Ref. 2060). Sex reversal is completed in 8-30 weeks (Ref. 34260).亞洲: 印度到中國,日本,馬來西亞與印尼。 可能出現在孟加拉。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Fávorito, Sandra | 合作者

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. (Ref. 4833)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 March 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - 养殖: 产生; 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

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生态毒物学
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孕卵数

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Otoliths
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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 养殖: 产生; 渔业: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00065 (0.00037 - 0.00113), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 10.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Fec = 1,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (65 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 278 [66, 768] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.907 [0.401, 2.434] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [16.3, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.313 [0.150, 0.635] g/100g ; Selenium = 84.6 [40.5, 199.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.3 [3.6, 34.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.19 [0.61, 2.80] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.