Cirrhinus molitorella, Mud carp : fisheries, aquaculture

Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes, 1844)

Mud carp
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Cirrhinus molitorella
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Cirrhinus: Latin, cirrus = curl fringe (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser benthopelagisch; potamodrom (Ref. 33488); tiefenbereich 5 - 20 m (Ref. 6898). Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 2059); 24°N - 12°N, 98°E - 108°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya, Nam Theun, Xe Bangfai and the Nanpangjiang basins; also from the Red River (China and Viet Nam).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 37769); common length : 15.2 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 35840); max. veröff. Gewicht: 500.00 g (Ref. 26563)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 11-15; Wirbelzahl: 34 - 38. Has 37-43 scales on the lateral line (including those on base of caudal-fin); 7-8+1/2 scale rows between lateral line and dorsal-fin origin (Ref. 27732). Differs from all other species of the genus in having more or less discrete marks on each scale on the upper, middle, and sometimes lower parts of the body. Such marks, visible in most freshly caught and recently preserved specimens, are sometimes intensely developed, giving the fish a markedly reticulated appearance. C. molitorella often has a very intense humeral mark which is vivid bluish-green in life. In other Cirrhinus the humeral marks are black or bluish black (Ref. 33488). Usually a conspicuous black bar shortly behind pectoral base (Ref. 43281). Gill rakers on the lower arm of first arch 65-85 (Ref. 12693).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Known from midwater to bottom depths of large and medium-sized rivers. Move into flooded forests during the rainy season and grazes on algae, phytoplankton and detritus (Ref. 12693). Occur in rapids and slow deep reaches (Ref. 37769). Reported to be omnivorous (Ref. 33813). Wild stocks are strongly migratory while the cultivated stocks probably have lost the migratory behavior (Ref. 33488). Prefer flowing water and not known to proliferate in impoundments. Large fish are marketed fresh, smaller ones are used to make prahoc (Ref. 12693). Attain at least 40 cm SL (Ref. 33488).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Assuming standard cyprinid mode of reproduction. Replace ASAP.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Roberts, T.R., 1997. Systematic revision of the tropical Asian labeon cyprinid fish genus Cirrhinus, with descriptions of new species and biological observations on C. lobatus. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 45:171-203. (Ref. 33488)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)

  Gefährdung zunehmend (NT) ; Date assessed: 19 April 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Aquakultur: kommerziell
FAO - Aquakultur: production, Artbeschreibung; Fischereien: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

Mehr Information

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Metabolismus
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Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Alter/Größe
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Morphometrie
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Otoliths
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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Aquakultur: production, Artbeschreibung; Fischereien: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00771 - 0.01079), b=3.06 (3.01 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 9.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tm=3; K=0.12; Fec=100,000-204,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100).
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 229 [120, 458] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.7 [0.8, 2.8] mg/100g ; Protein = 17 [16, 18] % ; Omega3 = 0.245 [0.117, 0.504] g/100g ; Selenium = 180 [77, 381] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.5 [6.9, 33.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.15 [0.54, 1.87] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.