Dipturus springeri, Roughbelly skate

Dipturus springeri (Wallace, 1967)

Roughbelly skate
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Dipturus springeri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Dipturus springeri (Roughbelly skate)
Dipturus springeri
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates)
Etymology: Dipturus: Greek, di = two + Greek, pteryx = fin (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien bathydemersaal; diepteverspreiding 88 - 740 m (Ref. 11284), usually 400 - 500 m (Ref. 5578).   Deep-water; 21°N - 37°S, 11°E - 77°E (Ref. 114953)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: in scattered localities from Lüderitz, Namibia round the Cape (South Africa) to central Mozambique; also off Madagascar and Kenya; also found off India and Oman (Ref. 114953).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 192 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 114953)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

An all-dark longnose skate with its underside uniformly roughened by small denticles; snout acutely pointed and greatly elongated, and tail moderately stout and not conspicuously swollen; pectoral disc angular and broader than in other longnose skates in the area; no nape thorn (Ref. 5578). Dark grey to blackish above and below, ventral mucous pores black (Ref. 5578).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits the outer shelf and upper slope (Ref. 5578). Rarely caught, probably inhabits hard bottoms that are seldom trawled (Ref. 114953). Feeds on bony fish, crabs and squid (Ref. 5578, Ref. 114953). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Males reaches maturity at 125-135 cm TL, females at 170-190 cm TL. Smallest known specimen at 27 cm TL (Ref. 114953) Probably caught by hake trawlers (Ref. 5578).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McEachran, John | Medewerkers

McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 April 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.4 - 12.5, mean 10.4 °C (based on 32 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00147 - 0.00681), b=3.22 (3.04 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.69 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (Fec assumed to be <100).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .