Dipturus springeri, Roughbelly skate

Dipturus springeri (Wallace, 1967)

Roughbelly skate
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Dipturus springeri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Dipturus springeri (Roughbelly skate)
Dipturus springeri
Picture by FAO

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

(كوسه ها و سپرماهيان) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates)
Etymology: Dipturus: Greek, di = two + Greek, pteryx = fin (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; دريايي موجوداتی که در اعماق زیر 200 متر زندگی و تغذیه می کنند; تغييرات عمق 88 - 740 m (Ref. 11284), usually 400 - 500 m (Ref. 5578).   Deep-water; 21°N - 37°S, 11°E - 77°E (Ref. 114953)

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: in scattered localities from Lüderitz, Namibia round the Cape (South Africa) to central Mozambique; also off Madagascar and Kenya; also found off India and Oman (Ref. 114953).

Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 192 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 114953)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

An all-dark longnose skate with its underside uniformly roughened by small denticles; snout acutely pointed and greatly elongated, and tail moderately stout and not conspicuously swollen; pectoral disc angular and broader than in other longnose skates in the area; no nape thorn (Ref. 5578). Dark grey to blackish above and below, ventral mucous pores black (Ref. 5578).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Inhabits the outer shelf and upper slope (Ref. 5578). Rarely caught, probably inhabits hard bottoms that are seldom trawled (Ref. 114953). Feeds on bony fish, crabs and squid (Ref. 5578, Ref. 114953). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Males reaches maturity at 125-135 cm TL, females at 170-190 cm TL. Smallest known specimen at 27 cm TL (Ref. 114953) Probably caught by hake trawlers (Ref. 5578).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده : McEachran, John | همكاران

McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  حداقل نگرانی (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 April 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: از بی علاقه گی
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
مترادف
سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
Age/Size
رشد
طول - وزن
طول - طول
نوسانات طولی
ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري
ريخت شناسي
توزاد ( لارو)
پويايي لاروي
بازسازی
فراواني
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | فيش واچر را ببينيد | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(ژنوم, نوکلئوتيد) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(برو, جستجو) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.4 - 12.5, mean 10.4 °C (based on 32 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00147 - 0.00681), b=3.22 (3.04 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.69 se; based on food items.
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  پايين ، كم, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 5/4 – 14 سال (Fec assumed to be <100).
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .