Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Priacanthidae
(Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Pristigenys: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, genys, -yos = face (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 100 - 200 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical
Western Pacific: thus far recorded from Japan, South China Sea, Sulawesi, New Guinea and Samoa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5403)
All specimens have been collected in rocky areas at 100-200 m depth.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Starnes, W.C., 1988. Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bull. Mar. Sci. 43(2):117-203. (Ref. 5403)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17 - 23.4, mean 20.3 °C (based on 63 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.00945 - 0.05301), b=2.93 (2.72 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 82.3 [49.1, 138.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.709 [0.462, 1.221] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [18.3, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.148 [0.094, 0.233] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.6 [16.7, 58.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 51.8 [17.0, 160.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.17 [0.79, 1.72] mg/100g (wet weight);