Morphology Data of Pristolepis pentacantha
Identification keys
Main Ref. Plamoottil, M., 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral short and / or deep
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following characters: body roughly rectangular and strongly laterally compressed; body depth 2.4- 2.5 in SL; dorsal contour rising gradually from snout towards the dorsal front, convex along the dorsum and abruptly attenuated at the caudal base; head moderate, its length 2.8- 3.0 and depth 2.9-3.2 in SL, pointed towards the snout; mouth upturned, its width 3.4- 3.7 in HL, maxilla ending at vertical at the level of anterior margin of orbit; opercle with two spines posteriorly; preopercle angle serrated with 5-6 serrae; junction of inter and sub opercle

slightly serrated; preorbital without any teeth; pectoral fin reaching 9th scale row downwards posteriorly through 3 scales and then reach 2-3 scales in front of caudal fin base (Ref. 104746).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Pristolepis pentacantha

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 4 - 4
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 15 - 16
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total 5 - 5
Soft-rays total 7 - 7

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   14 - 14
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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