Morphology Data of Sundadanio gargula
Identification keys
Main Ref. Conway, K.W., M. Kottelat and H.H. Tan, 2011
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Distinguished all its congeners by the greater distance between the dark lateral stripe and the

ventral midline in males (13.5-14.5 % SL vs. 8.7- 13.6) and by its larger and more numerous tubercles (enlarged scales next to window in body musculature with a vertical row of 3-5 large

conical tubercles vs. 1-3; scales posterior to enlarged scales next to window in body musculature and anterior to anal-fin origin with 2 large, closely situated conical tubercles at center vs. 1 or 2 small, widely spaced tubercles). Can be further distinguished by the following combination of characters: large adult body size (largest specimen examined 19.0 mm SL, smallest tuberculate male 15.2 mm SL); live males with blue to emerald green sheen present across dorsal body surface and an intense red colour across anterior portion of anal fin; preserved males with a highly developed dark lateral stripe of uniform intensity along its entire length, horizontal through ventral border of which, when brought forward, extends through dorsal half of eye; absence of secondary lateral stripe in preserved males; absence of reticulate pattern along dorsal body surface; absence of dusky markings on dorsal and

caudal fins; complete covering of scales on caudal peduncle (Ref. 88800).

Description: Dorsal-fin rays ii.6.i; anal-fin rays iii.6; pectoral-fin rays i.6.ii; pelvic-fin rays i.5.i (Ref. 88800).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Sundadanio gargula

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 14 - 14
total 34 - 34


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 9 - 9
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 9 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   9 - 9
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Soft-rays   7 - 7
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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