Morphology Data of Varicus cephalocellatus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Tornabene, L., J.L. Van Tassel, D.R. Robertson and C.C. Baldwin, 2016
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section oval
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species can be distinguished by the following set of characters: D1 VII; D2 I,10; A I,9; P 19-20, (23.9-30.6% SL), with rays 13-16 greatly extended, reaching base of anal rays 1-3, giving fin asymmetrical appearance; fleshy exertions on tips of spinous dorsal, first six rays of second dorsal; pelvic fins well separated, with no anterior frenum and membrane connecting innermost rays, 5th pelvic-fin ray 1/4-1/5 length of 4th ray, all rays unbranched or branched internally and re-fused, with flattened fleshy tips, longest ray extending posteriorly to anal-fin origin or reaching origin of 2nd anal-fin ray; 12-23 ctenoid scales on the side of body extending anteriorly to between vertical under the middle of the 2nd dorsal fin, to just posterior of pectoral-fin base, scales becoming smaller with reduced ctenii anteriorly; presence of modified basicaudal scales; sensory papillae rows 5s and 5i connected as a continuous transverse row, separated by a distance of 1-2 papillae in two specimens; interorbital papillae pc’ and pe’ present; no cephalic lateralis pores on head or preopercle; single anal-fin pterygiophore inserted anterior to haemal arch; head is lined with 3-5 prominent yellow ocelli, extending from mouth to nape over dense field of numerous red, brown and gold chromatophores (Ref. 113825).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Varicus cephalocellatus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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