Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Alectis: One of three Erinyes in the Greek mythology; daughter of Acheronte with a terrible rage. More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 100 m (Ref. 28016). Tropical; 44°N - 45°S, 25°E - 130°W
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia (Ref. 4795), north to southern Japan, south to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 165 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); common length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213); max. published weight: 25.0 kg (Ref. 30874)
Adults found over coral reefs in coastal waters below 60 m (Ref. 9710, 58534). Form schools. Juveniles solitary, found in surface waters and in estuaries; may mimic jellyfish. Feed on fishes, squids, and crustaceans (Ref. 5213).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.7 - 28.6, mean 27.4 °C (based on 763 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02754 (0.01624 - 0.04670), b=2.79 (2.65 - 2.93), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.52 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 6.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K = 0.17).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 24.8 [11.0, 62.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.658 [0.324, 1.524] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [17.3, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.259 [0.120, 0.563] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.2 [17.7, 112.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 54.1 [11.0, 241.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.742 [0.427, 1.254] mg/100g (wet weight);