Teleostei (teleosts) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Ambassidae
Etymology: Parambassis: Greek, para = near + Greek, ambassis, anabasis = climbing up (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.
Place in the genus Pseudambassis Bleeker, 1874 in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. May 2011: Ref. 86870).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 8.0; dH range: 9 - 19; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 20°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 38°N - 1°N
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia (Ref. 4833) and Nepal (Ref. 9496).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 120900); max. published weight: 11.53 g (Ref. 120900)
Found in sluggish and standing water. A common species proliferating in impoundments. Most abundant during the rainy season. Feeds on invertebrates (Ref. 12693), worms and crustaceans (Ref. 7020). Breeds everywhere during the rains. Builds a nest and guards its young. Rare in markets and often found in the aquarium trade (Ref. 12693). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Produces up to 500 eggs.
Roberts, T.R., 1994. Systematic revision of tropical Asian freshwater glassperches (Ambassidae), with descriptions of three new species. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 42:263-290. (Ref. 10429)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00900 - 0.02430), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity. Fec=500.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 678 [434, 1,182] mg/100g; Iron = 1.63 [1.04, 2.50] mg/100g; Protein = 16.8 [15.2, 18.6] %; Omega3 = 0.172 [0.079, 0.380] g/100g; Selenium = 26.3 [10.5, 59.5] μg/100g; VitaminA = 72.5 [35.1, 147.7] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.32 [1.66, 3.18] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.