Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 10 - ?; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 2059)
Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo (Ref. 27732). Reported from the Maeklong River (Ref. 37766).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 7.5, range 7 - 8 cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118477)
Compressed body; a small and only slightly protractile mouth; an interrupted lateral line; brown color with about 6-8 blackish vertical bars.
Found in slow or standing waters, among bushes of shore vegetation (Ref. 27732). Occurs in medium to large-sized rivers and flooded fields (Ref. 12975), lakes, ponds and swamps (Ref. 41236). Feeds on filamentous algae, submerged land plants, fruits and seeds with some aquatic insects and crustaceans (Ref. 12693). Undertakes lateral migrations from the Mekong River to the floodplains during the flood season and back again at the onset of the dry season (Ref. 37770).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01091 - 0.02198), b=3.01 (2.91 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.44).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 203 [101, 388] mg/100g; Iron = 1.93 [1.13, 3.46] mg/100g; Protein = 18.3 [17.1, 19.4] %; Omega3 = 0.42 [0.16, 1.17] g/100g; Selenium = 112 [41, 282] μg/100g; VitaminA = 17 [6, 50] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.74 [1.13, 2.63] mg/100g (wet weight);