Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Polynemidae
Etymology: Polynemus: Greek, poly = a lot of + Greek,nema = filament (Ref. 45335); melanochir: Name meaning 'freshwater' in reference to its type locality, Tonle Sap Lake (Ref. 43351).
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal. Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 13614)
Asia: Mekong River system at least as far as Can Tho, Viet Nam and from the Bassac River at least as far as My Tho, Viet Nam. Reported from Indonesia (Ref. 5978).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)
(total): 8 - 9;
soft rays: 11 - 12. Head and body grayish-black dorsally, pale whitish-yellow ventrally. Snout long, strongly pointed (7% of SL). Pectoral filaments 7, the last probably the longest. Upper caudal fin lobe short (34-35% of SL). Swim bladder absent (Ref. 43351).
Inhabit lower sections of rivers. Can probably be found in estuaries (Ref. 9685). Important food fish in along the Mekong River and its related rivers (Ref. 57343).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Motomura, H., 2004. Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. Rome: FAO. 3:117 p. (Ref. 57343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00307 - 0.01489), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100).