Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Pangasiidae
Etymology: Pangasius: The Vietnamese name of a fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 20°N - 10°N
Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857); max. published weight: 4.6 kg (Ref. 72380)
soft rays: 28 - 32. A large black spot above the base of the pectoral fin and a black longitudinal stripe along each caudal lobe (Ref. 27732). Dorsal and pectoral fins with a strong spine and a long, filamentous rays (Ref. 4792). With 13-17 gill rakers in first arch (Ref. 12693).
Obligate air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Occurs in medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Inhabits deep pools in the river (Ref. 37770). Found in rapids and riffle (Ref. 37771). Enters flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Artificially reared fry of 3.5 mm at 12 hrs., 8.4 mm at 4 days, 8.8 mm at 8 days and 23 mm at 18 days. Larval teeth present in 12 hr and 4 day larvae. Feeds on shrimps, small fishes, gastropods and plants (Ref. 6459). Migrates into floodplains and spawns at the beginning of the flood season (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roberts, T.R. and C. Vidthayanon, 1991. Systematic revision of the Asian catfish family Pangasiidae, with biological observations and descriptions of three new species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 143:97-144. (Ref. 7432)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00290 - 0.00906), b=3.13 (2.97 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.52 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).