Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Siamese local name of the fish "ikan bettah". More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.8; dH range: 5 - 18. Tropical; 23°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56613)
Vertebrae: 27 - 29. Mature males have more intense coloration, but when disturbed they become similar to the females. Both have opercle with blue to green iridescent scales depending on angle of reflected light. Anal and caudal fins (and sometimes the dorsal fin) are bordered distally by a dark blue edge, followed by an iridescent blue to green border when live; only a blackish distal border is visible when preserved. Differs from other members of the Betta picta species group by the following combination of characters: anal-fin rays 23-26 (mode 26); subdorsal scales 5-6 (mode); lateral scales 27 1/2-30 (mode); caudal peduncle depth 14.8-19.7% SL; head length 30.3-34.5% SL; body depth at dorsal-fin origin 25.3-30.1% SL; length of anal-fin base 47.9-52.7% SL; interorbital width 29.2-36.2% HL (Ref. 56613).
Occurs mostly in fast flowing clear water hill stream (Ref. 56613). Found in the more stagnant stretches of the stream, among the submerged leaf litter, tree root and overhanging bank vegetation (Ref. 56613). A mouth brooder (Ref. 56613).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .