Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
() > Polynemidae
Etymology: Polydactylus: Greek, poly = a lot of + greek, daktylos = finger (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Kapuas River, Kalimantan and the Musi and Batanghari rivers, Sumatra, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9685)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11. Occipital profile concave in adults. Pectoral filaments 7 with 3 filaments extending beyond caudal fin base and the fifth extending beyond tip of caudal fin lobe. Long pectoral fin rays, 24-26% of SL (Ref. 40968, 41110).
Known only from three rivers on two Indonesian islands: Kapuas River, Kalimantan and Musi and Batanghari rivers, Sumatra. These rivers were part of one large river, the ancient Central or North Sunda River, on the Sundaland during the Pleistocene, the last cold period about 12,000 years ago. Geographic evidence indicates that the species was well adapted to the freshwater basins in this extensive Pleistocene river, whereas other Polydactylus species are generally marine. With Sundaland submerged to about 100 m, this species is now restricted to the 3 presently known localities. The longer pectoral filaments and a more slender body have been considered as an adaptation to its freshwater existence. The long pectoral filaments are useful as a sense organ to search for food in muddy waters (Ref. 40968). A food fish along the Kapuas River, Borneo (Ref. 9685).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Motomura, H., 2004. Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. Rome: FAO. 3:117 p. (Ref. 57343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00747 - 0.04041), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .