Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Oxudercidae
(Mudskippers) > Oxudercinae
Etymology: Parapocryptes: Greek, para = near + Greek, apo = distance + Greek, kryptos = hidden (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 25°C - ? (Ref. 2059)
Indo-West Pacific: India, Indochina, China, Malaysia and Indonesia. Reported from Myanmar (Ref. 4833) and Mekong delta (Ref. 12693).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)
soft rays: 25 - 29. Distinguished by the following characteristics: color greenish yellow; 5 large, midlateral, longitudinally ovoid, brown spots, anteriormost ventral to 01, posteriormost on caudal peduncle; 5 dark brown, saddle-like blotches on dorsum; caudal fin dusky with a yellow dorsal and ventral margin; anal fin hyaline; pectoral fin base with some small red spots, proximally yellow with red and yellow ventroposterior margin; pelvic fin yellow; absence of black pigment inside mouth; single large pore posteriorly in interorbital region; caudal fin not greatly lengthened, caudal fin length 19.4-26.7% SL; longitudinal scale count 62-81; body depth 10.5-16.5% SL (mean = 13.9%); head depth 9.8-14.4% SL ; head width 9.9-14.4% SL ; predorsal scales 23-38 (Ref. 5218).
Occurs in bays and estuaries. Also found in the freshwater tidal zone of the Mekong delta. Occasionally marketed in mixed catches (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 26.3 - 29.3, mean 28.7 °C (based on 1881 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00168 - 0.01037), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100).