Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/)..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 12293). Tropical
Asia: Sabah, Borneo, East Malaysia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12293); 5.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 24 - 28;
Vertebrae: 29 - 31. Can be differentiated from other members of the Betta akarensis group by possessing the following combination of characters: opercle with interrupted second postorbital stripe; eye color yellow when alive; anal-fin rays 26-30 (mode 28); subdorsal scales 5 1/2-7 (mode 6); lateral scales 30-31 9mode 31); predorsal scales 22-24 (mode 23); postdorsal scales 9-11 (mode 10); preanal length 42.6-45.7% SL; head length 31.4-33.3% SL; length of anal-fin base 54.8-58.5% SL (Ref. 56613).
Found in shallow (less than 0.5 m depth) peat swamps with substrate consisting mainly of detritus, leaves and peat (Ref. 12293). An oral brooder (Ref. 56613).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Assumed to be the same as in Betta picta, i.e., the male is carying the aggs in his mouth for about 10 days.
Ng, P.K.L., 1993. On a new species of Betta (Teleostei: Belontiidae) from peat swamps in Sabah, East Malaysia, Borneo. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 4(4):289-294. (Ref. 12293)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .