Betta spilotogena

Betta spilotogena Ng & Kottelat, 1994

Upload your photos and videos
Google image
Image of Betta spilotogena
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Osphronemidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes (Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/)..
More on authors: Ng & Kottelat.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 13093). Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: known only from Pulau Bintan and Pulau Singkep, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13093)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 27. Distinguished from Betta chloropharynx in the following characters: median black throat spot (vs. two rounded black marks); spotted opercle (vs. non-spotted); opercle with black lower margin (vs. yellow margin). Differs from Betta hipposideros in the following characters: median black throat (vs. horse-shoe shape mark); spotted opercle (vs. non-spotted); opercle with black lower margin (vs. yellow or brown); more postdorsal scales (mode 10 vs. 9 1/2). Can be differentiated from Betta renata in the following characters: black median spot (vs. kidney-shaped mark); absence of dorsal and caudal transverse bars (vs. presence); fewer subdorsal scales ( mode 5 1/2 vs. 6 1/2); fewer postdorsal scales (mode 10 vs. 12); more anal fin rays (mode 30 vs. 29); and more lateral scales (mode 32 vs. 31) (Ref. 56386).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits swamps as well as adjacent streams, usually in relatively shallow water about a meter or so in depth with dense vegetation growing along the banks and under shade.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Ng, P.K.L. and M. Kottelat, 1994. Revision of the Betta waseri species group (Teleostei: Belontiidae). Raffles Bull. Zool. 42(3):593-611. (Ref. 13093)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Endangered (EN) (B1ab(iii)); Date assessed: 07 January 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .