Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 30 - 346 m (Ref. 75154). Subtropical; 45°N - 22°N, 114°E - 146°E
Western Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and south to Macau, China; a single specimen from Bali, Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 14.9, range 12 - 20.8 cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2115)
soft rays: 9. Under Evynnis, this species is chracterized by the following set of characters: D XII,10, with the first and second spines considerably shorter than third and fourth spines which are extended, and the third dorsal fin spine less than 2 time in fifth dorsal fin spine; A III,9; pectoral fin rays usually 15; scales on preopercular flange absent; body depth relatively lower, standard length/body depth over 2.1; when fresh, with scattered cobalt blue spotted markings on side; teeth on vomer usually present (Ref. 75039).
Inhabits muddy and muddy-sandy bottoms. Feeds on a wide range of benthic invertebrates and on fish. Two spawning seasons, early summer and autumn. Utilized for human consumption especially in the East China Sea where it is caught mostly by trawlers. An important food fish.
Iwatsuki, Y., M. Akazaki and N. Taniguchi, 2007. Review of the species of the genus Dentex (Perciformes:Sparidae) in the Western Pacific defined as the D. hypselosomus complex with the description of a new species, Dentex abei and a redescription of Evynnis tumifrons. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A. Suppl. 1:29-49. (Ref. 75039)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.1 - 21.9, mean 18.2 °C (based on 161 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02570 (0.01643 - 0.04022), b=2.94 (2.81 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.25-0.37).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 115 [55, 257] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.1 [0.6, 2.3] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.1 [19.6, 22.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.48 [0.24, 0.96] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.6 [10.6, 60.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.1 [3.6, 47.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.631 [0.371, 1.044] mg/100g (wet weight);