Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Bagridae
Etymology: Hemibagrus: Greek, hemi = the half + Mozarabic, bagre, Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex sp. (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.2; dH range: 10 - 25; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 5 - ? m (Ref. 27732). Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060); 19°N - 6°S
Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya and Xe Bangfai basins; also from the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)
soft rays: 10 - 13. Body color brown often with greenish sheen. Fins gray with violet tint. Pectoral fin spines serrated along the inner edge. Base of adipose fin shorter than that of dorsal fin and about equal to that of anal fin. Barbels four pairs; nasal barbels extending to or beyond eyes, maxillary ones in anal fin, mandibulary ones beyond base of pectoral fins, mental ones 2/3 - 3/4 the distance between their base and insertion of pectoral fins (Ref. 4792). Head flattened rather than conical; rugose skull roof; depressed dorsal fin not reaching adipose fin; pectoral fin smooth in front; 9 branched anal rays (Ref. 12693).
Occurs in most habitat types, but most frequent in large muddy rivers, with slow current and soft bottom (Ref. 27732). Enters flooded forest (Ref. 9497). Feeds on exogenous insects, aquatic insect larvae, shrimps, other crustaceans and fishes. Moves into flooded forests to spawn and the young are usually first seen in August. In Tonlé Sap (Cambodia), maximum numbers are found as it returns to rivers in November and December. A highly priced aquarium fish. Usually marketed fresh (Ref. 12693). High in nutritive values especially omega-3 fatty acids (EPA, DHA) (Ref. 53337).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00817 - 0.01225), b=2.96 (2.90 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 36.9 [9.7, 157.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.636 [0.255, 1.924] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.8 [14.9, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.24 [0.11, 0.47] g/100g ; Selenium = 62.8 [33.2, 125.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.3 [9.1, 169.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.21 [0.85, 1.74] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.