Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Junior synonym of Tor tambra according to Pinder et al., 2019 (Ref. 123468) and CofF 1 Jan 2021 version..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.7 - 8.7. Tropical; 18°C - 26°C (Ref. 56147)
Asia: Thailand east to Viet Nam and south to Indonesia (Ref. 7050). Known from the Chao Phraya (Ref. 26336) and Mekong (Ref. 13848).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 51.9, range 44 - 63.5 cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Distinguished from other species of the genus in the Lancangjiang River by the following combination of characters: body compressed; median lobe of lower lip short, free margin truncate, not extending to a line connecting inner corners of mouth; eyes visible in ventral view; isthmus with small distinct scales, more than 18 scales between isthmus and origin of pelvic fin; gill rakers 15-20; supero-posterior margin of dorsal fin deeply concave; tip of anal fin pointed; color in life silvery, back dark, fins dark gray (Ref 13848).
Found in medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Kept in ponds or cages in open water. Seldom seen in markets (Ref. 7050). Multiple spawner (Ref. 56317).
Zhou, W. and G.H. Cui, 1996. A review of Tor species from the Lancangjiang River (Upper Mekong River), China (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 7(2):131-142. (Ref. 13848)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00433 - 0.02010), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.27 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=2,676).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .