Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Triglidae
(Searobins) > Triglinae
Etymology: Chelidonichthys: Greek, chelidon, -onos = swift, as black as a swift + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 390 m (Ref. 4316). Subtropical; 18°S - 36°S, 12°E - 36°E
Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: Cape Fria, Namibia to Maputo, Mozambique. The record of a specimen from Reunion (MHNRUN 36) is probably erroneous (Ref. 33390).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 32.8, range 27 - 35 cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3699); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3699); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 26321)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found over sandy and muddy bottoms in coastal areas. Feeds on fishes (Ref. 4316) and crustaceans (Ref. 5213). Excellent food fish (Ref. 4316).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Richards, W.J. and V.P. Saksena, 1990. Triglidae. p. 680-684. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3687)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.3 - 17.9, mean 13.3 (based on 65 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00427 - 0.02037), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.14; tm=2-5; tmax=12).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .