Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Apristurus: a-, Latin privative, i.e., without; pristis, from pristes (Gr.), sawyer (but here meaning saw); oura (Gr.), tail, referring to absence of saw-toothed crest of enlarged dermal denticles along upper edge of caudal fin as found in the closely related Pristiurus (=Galeus). (See ETYFish); albisoma: albus (L.), white; soma (Gr.), body, referring to its whitish color. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 935 - 1564 m (Ref. 36058). Deep-water
Western Pacific: southern waters off New Caledonia, slopes of the seamounts of the Norfolk and Lord Howe ridges.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36058); 56.6 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body whitish. Eyes small; interobital region 2.7 - 3.6 times eye diameter. Supraorbital sensory canal continuous. Second dorsal fin axil before anal fin axil. Upper labial furrows equal or shorter than lower furrows. Tricuspid dermal denticles overlapping. Spiral valves 6-10.
Sexual maturity attained between 40 and 50 cm TL (Ref. 36058). Oviparous (Ref. 50449).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Nakaya, K. and B. Séret, 1999. A new species of deepwater catshark, Apristurus albisoma n.sp. from New Caledonia (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae). Cybium 23(3):297-310. (Ref. 36058)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3 - 4.5, mean 3.9 °C (based on 108 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00173 - 0.00727), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec assumed to be <10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).