Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Notacanthiformes
(Halosaurs and deep-sea spiny eels) > Halosauridae
Etymology: Halosaurus: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, sauros = lizard (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 706 m (Ref. 280). Deep-water
Western Central Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Bottom feeders; mainly on crustaceans and other small invertebrates. Males with markedly enlarged olfactory organs at maturity. Leptocephalus larvae pelagic. Taken occasionally in deep bottom trawls (Ref. 12887).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, D.G., 1999. Halosauridae. Halosaurus. p. 1625-1626. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 12887)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 8.8 - 12.4, mean 11.1 °C (based on 19 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00087 (0.00033 - 0.00229), b=3.07 (2.84 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100).