Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Plagioscion: Greek, plagios = oblique + Greek, skiaina, skion = barbel, red mullet (Ref. 45335); casattii: Named for Lilian Casatti..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Orinoco River, Venezuela.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 27 - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36888)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6 - 7. Body nearly uniform silvery, lighter ventrally; darker dorsally; no conspicuous spots but with diffuse dark areas along base of dorsal fin, on margin of spinous and soft dorsal fin, and hind margin of caudal fin; base of pectoral fins with a brown spot. Eye elliptical, 5.3-6.2 in HL; second anal spine length 4-6.3 (mean 5.2) in HL. Anus-anal distance 2.8-5.1 (mean 4.2) in HL. Tips of pelvic-fin rays not extending to anus. Anterior portion of dorsal fin with 10 spines, posterior with 1 and usually 33-34 soft rays. Sagitta elongate and oblong; ostium apple-shape; tip of caudal not extending to below hind margin of the ostium, postero-ventral angle rounded. Caudal fin rhomboid (Ref. 44362).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Aguilera, O. and D.R. de Aguilera, 2001. A new species of croaker Plagioscion (Perciformes, Sciaenidae) from the Orinoco River Basin, Venezuela. Memoria 60(153):61-67. (Ref. 44362)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00413 - 0.01752), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).