Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Parosphromenus: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, osphromenos, osphrainomai = to smell (Ref. 45335); quindecim: From the Latin quindecim, meaning 15. This is in reference to the 15 dorsal fin spines, a number present in no other species. More on authors: Kottelat & Ng.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: presently known only from Sungai Pawan basin in Borneo, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56232)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 13 - 15;
soft rays: 9 - 10. Differs from its congeners, except Paroshphromenus linkei and P. pahuensis in having 14-15 dorsal- fin spines. Distinguished from both species in the absence of 1-3 conspicuous black blotches on the middle of the lower lateral stripe, by the presence of a black subdistal band in the dorsal, anal and caudal fins of the male (live and preserved) and the absence of hyaline spots on the same fins. Further differs from P. linkei in possessing a rounded caudal fin. Can also be differentiated from all congeners by the color pattern of the unpaired fins of the female (grey with numerous hyaline spots vs. plain grey or hyaline) (Ref. 56232).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and P.K.L. Ng, 2005. Diagnoses of six new species of Parosphromenus (Teleostei: Osphronemidae) from Malay Peninsula and Borneo, with notes on other species. Raffles Bull. Zool. Supplement (13):101-113. (Ref. 56232)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .