Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: aenigma: Name from Latin 'aenigma' or enigma, in allusion to its unresolved taxonomic status..
More on authors: Last & McEachran.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 437 m (Ref. 58023). Deep-water
Western Pacific: New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58023)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A species of Brochiraja with the following combination of characters: rounded disc; very long tail, 1.5 times disc length, 2.9 times ventral head length, 6.8 times snout length; orbit moderately large, 2.4 in preorbital snout length; calcified rostral shaft very short; tail base narrow, width at pelvic fin insertions 2 times width at midlength; dermal denticles closely spaced, over entire upper disc; mid-dorsal surface of tail with thorns and denticles; dorsolateral surface of tail without thorns; orbital thorns absent; entire ventral surface naked; medium brownish with darker mottling above and below; indistinct rows of pale-edged pores on ventral surface; nuchal pore band indistinct; anterior pelvic fin lobe bulbous, black tipped; total pectoral radials 73-74; predorsal vertebrae 115; c. 30 tooth rows in upper jaw (Ref. 58023).
Known only from a single specimen; no information on mature males or juveniles (Ref. 58023).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R. and J.D. McEachran, 2006. New softnose skate genus Brochiraja from New Zealand (Rajidae: Arhynchobatinae) with description of four new species. N. Z. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 40(1):65-90. (Ref. 58023)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00290 - 0.01143), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100).