Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: albilabiata: Name from Latin 'albus' for white and 'labiatus' for lipped, referring to its distinct white-edged mouth which strongly contrasts against a very dark, beard-like patch below the mouth..
More on authors: Last & McEachran.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 900 - 1000 m (Ref. 58023). Deep-water
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58023)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is characterized by the following: very long tail, 1.4-1.5 times disc length, 2.8-3.0 times ventral head length, 6.2-6.6 times snout length; orbit is moderately large, 2.5-2.7 in preorbital snout length; tail base relatively broad, width at pelvic-fin insertions 2.7-3.0 times width at midlength; anterior lobe of pelvic fin spatulate; dorsal disc largely naked; middorsal surface of tail naked, apart from non-linear row of paired thorns extending onto posterior disc; dorsolateral surface of tail lacking thorns; snout length 2.4-2.6 times distance from snout tip to rostral thorn; calcified rostral shaft short; single preorbital thorn, posterior thorns absent; ventral disc and tail naked; alar and malar thorns of mature males united to form a broad patch over most of outer pectoral fin; ventral surface much darker than dorsal surface; very dark, beard-like patch beneath mouth, edge of mouth white; no rows of pale-edged pores on ventral surface; nuchal pore band very distinct; total pectoral radials 68-70; predorsal vertebrae 106-110; tooth rows in upper jaw 45-60 (Ref. 58023).
Male paratypes were found to be immature at 50.7 cm TL, no information re juveniles (Ref. 58023).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R. and J.D. McEachran, 2006. New softnose skate genus Brochiraja from New Zealand (Rajidae: Arhynchobatinae) with description of four new species. N. Z. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 40(1):65-90. (Ref. 58023)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 1.9 - 3.6, mean 2.6 °C (based on 194 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00290 - 0.01143), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100).