Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: microspinifera: Name from Latin 'micro' meaning small and the epithet of its larger New Zealand sibling species Brochiraja spinifera..
More on authors: Last & McEachran.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 600 - 1200 m (Ref. 58023). Deep-water
Southwest Pacific: New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58023)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A dwarf species with the following combination of characters: tail moderately elongate, 1.2-1.4 times disc length, 2.5-2.7 times ventral head length, 5.3-6.3 times snout length; orbit moderately large, 2.1-2.8 in preorbital snout length; tail base moderately broad, width at pelvic-fin insertions 2.1-3.1 times width at midlength; fine dermal dentic1es present over entire dorsal disc; rostral thorns reduced in adult, about equidistant from orbit and snout tip (snout length 1.8-2.1 times their distance from snout tip); mid-dorsal surface of tail naked apart from single row of moderately enlarged thorns extending anteriorly onto interpelvic space; dorsolateral surface of tail with numerous smaller thorns and large denticles; single preorbital thorn, postorbital thorn absent; ventral disc and tail naked; calcified rostral shaft short; alar thorns in small, well-defined patch; malar thorns absent; both surfaces of disc dark brown; with or without pale-edged pores on ventral surface; nuchal pore band indistinct; total pectoral radials 58-63; predorsal vertebrae 81-88; tooth rows in the upper jaw 33-37 (Ref. 58023).
Male paratype mature at 27 cm TL; no information on juveniles (Ref. 58023).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R. and J.D. McEachran, 2006. New softnose skate genus Brochiraja from New Zealand (Rajidae: Arhynchobatinae) with description of four new species. N. Z. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 40(1):65-90. (Ref. 58023)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.6 - 8.2, mean 5.3 °C (based on 20 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00290 - 0.01143), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary low fecundity).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100).