Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Anostomidae
Etymology: Schizodon: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); scotorhabdotus: Specific name derived from the Greek scotos (dark), and rhabdos (rod or stick), in reference to the prominent dark lateral stripe of this species,.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Río Orinoco system in Venezuela and Colombia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 28 - ? cm
Max length : 27.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75767)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 40 - 42. Can be separated from all congeners, except Schizodon isognathus, Schizodon knerii, and Schizodon nasutus, by the presence of a dark stripe running along the lateral-line-scale row from the rear of the opercle to the caudal peduncle (vs. absence of midlateral stripe in Schizodon altoparanae, Schizodon australis, Schizodon borelli, Schizodon corti, Schizodon dissimilis, Schizodon fasciatus, Schizodon intermedius, Schizodon platae, and Schizodon rostratus), and midlateral stripe extending no further anteriorly than to vertical drawn through dorsal-fin origin in Schizodon jacuiensis and Schizodon vittatus). Differs from Schizodon nasutus by a terminal or slightly upturned mouth (vs. a strongly subterminal mouth). Can be differentiated from Schizodon isognathus and Schizodon knerii by having 4 or 4.5 transverse scale rows above the lateral line to the dorsal-fin origin (vs. 6.5 scale rows [rarely 5.5 in Schizodon knerii]), 4 or 4.5 transverse scale rows below the lateral line to the anal-fin origin (vs. 5.5 scale rows [rarely 4.5 in Schizodon knerii]) and seven branched anal-fin rays (vs. eight). Differs further from Schizodon isognathus by the presence of three or four vertical dark blotches on the lateral surfaces of the body intersecting the prominent lateral stripe (vs. vertical blotches absent) and a terminal mouth in adults (vs. a slightly subterminal mouth in adults); and Schizodon knerii by having only 16 circumpeduncular scales (vs. 18-20) (Ref. 75767).
Found in lagoons, pools, small caños and cattle pastures, all relatively lentic habitats (Ref. 75767). Herbivorous, preferring macrophytes (Ref. 75767). Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Sidlauskas, B.L., J.C. Garavello and J. Jellen, 2007. A new Schizodon (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from the Río Orinoco system, with a redescription of S. isognathus from the Río Paraguay System. Copeia 2007(3):711-725. (Ref. 75767)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100).