Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes
(Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae
(Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Hydrolagus: hydro-, combining form of hydor (Gr.), water; lagos (Gr.), hare, i.e., “water rabbit,” probably referring to three pairs of tooth plates, which tend to protrude from the mouth like a rabbit’s incisors. (See ETYFish); homonycteris: homo-, from hominis (L.), man; nykteris (Gr.), bat, referring to Thomas A. Griffiths, bat systematist known as “bat man,” who introduced Didier to chimaeroid fishes. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 866 - 1447 m (Ref. 76967). Deep-water
Southern Ocean: Australia and New Zealand.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 85 - ? cm
Max length : 109 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76967)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This chimaeroid fish has a ventral caudal fin that that is not indented at its origin to form a separate anal fin, it is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: color of the body an even dark black or blackish-brown; its dorsal fin spine is longer than height of first dorsal fin; pelvic fins is distinctly round in shape; males with pelvic claspers that are dark at the base with pale tips, divided for the distal 1/3 of their length (Ref. 76967).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Didier, D.A., 2008. Two new species of the genus Hydrolagus Gill (Holocephali: Chimaeridae) from Australia. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. (Ref. 76967)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.2 - 5.7, mean 4.6 °C (based on 177 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00149 - 0.00639), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100).