Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Akysidae
(Stream catfishes) > Akysinae
Etymology: Akysis: Derived from Greek, a = without + Greek, kysthos = bladder (Ref. 45335); fontaneus: The specific epithet comes from the Latin adjective fontaneus, meaning of or from a spring, in reference to the nature of a type locality (a spring-fed stream).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - ?; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 80541). Tropical; 2°S - 3°S, 102°E - 103°E
Asia: Indonesia. Presently known only from the type locality in the Batang Hari drainage in central Sumatra (Ref. 80541).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80541)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 33. Akysis fontaneus is distinguished from congeners by a combination of the following characters: weakly emarginate caudal fin, convex dorsal surface of neurocranium making predorsal profile appear steeply sloping, presence of 4 large serrations on posterior edge of pectoral spine that are more than half width of spine, predorsal length 34.5% SL, pectoral-fin length 21.7% SL (not reaching pelvic-fin origin), length of adipose-fin base 18.7% SL and interorbital distance 42.3% HL (Ref. 80541).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ng, H.H., 2009. Akysis fontaneus, a new species of catfish (Siluriformes: Akysidae) from Sumatra. Zootaxa 1973:41-50. (Ref. 80541)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .