Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Polycentridae
Etymology: Polycentrus: Greek, poly = a lot of + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335); jundia: The specific name is derived from the Tupi word 'jundiá' meaning 'head with spine', and refers to the large amount of serrations present on the head bones of the new species. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Rio Negro basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 102655)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 5 - 6. Polycentrus jundia can be distinguished from P. schomburgkii by the following characters: diagonal upper postorbital band being shorter than orbital diameter (vs. longer); median postorbital horizontal band present (vs. absent); subocular band being shorter than orbital diameter (vs. length of subocular band equal to or greater than orbital diameter; snout blunt (vs. protruding); mouth isognathous (vs. prognathous); serrations absent on lower edge of lacrimal or two tiny serrations at the posterior
end (vs. 8-14 conspicuous serrations distributed throughout the lower edge); posterior edge of vertical arm of preopercle fully serrated (vs. smooth edge); five pungent opercular spines, the three dorsalmost largest (vs. one or two short spines); subopercle widely serrated along most of the edge (vs. no serrations); cleithrum with serrations on posterior dorsal margin (vs. no serrations); interopercle with widely serrated edge (vs. clusters of three to five serrations along the edge of varying position between individuals); fourth pectoral-fin ray reaching vertical through anal-fin origin (vs. reaching vertical from spine III or IV of anal fin); 19-20 scales on dorsal-fin base (vs. 26-31); 12-14 scales on anal-fin base (vs. 16-20); 19-21 predorsal scales (vs. 28-30); and median opercular blotch absent (vs. present) (Ref. 102655).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Coutinho, D.P. and W.B. Wosiacki, 2014. A new species of leaffish Polycentrus Müller & Troschel, 1849 (Percomorpha: Polycentridae) from the rio Negro, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 12(4):747-753. (Ref. 102655)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.8750 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .