Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squatiniformes
(Angel sharks) > Squatinidae
Etymology: Squatina: Latin for skate, which angel sharks superficially resemble, presumably tautonymous with Squalus squatina Linnaeus 1758 (no species mentioned). (See ETYFish); varii: In honor of Richard P. Vari (1949-2016), National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (Washington, D.C., USA), for his “outstanding” contributions to Neotropical ichthyology. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 195 - 666 m (Ref. 114945). Tropical
Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 101.5, range 95 - 108 cm
Max length : 124 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114945); 132.0 cm TL (female)
Occurs along continental slope (Ref. 114945).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vaz, D.F.B. and M.R. De Carvalho, 2018. New species of Squatina (Squatiniformes: Squatinidae) from Brazil, with comments on the taxonomy of Angel sharks from the Central and Northwestern Atlantic. Copeia 106(1):144-160. (Ref. 117896)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00280 - 0.01965), b=3.04 (2.80 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (79 of 100).