Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); shiraii: Named for Dr. Shigeru M. Shirai, Japanese ichthyologist from Tokyo University of Agriculture, for his valuable contributions to Systematics of Squaliformes..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 310 - 390 m (Ref. 122378). Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Northwest Pacific: Japan
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 68.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 122378); 77.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 120 - 123. This species is distinguished from S. mitsukurii by the following characters: colour of body brown dorsally; caudal fin with ventral and dorsal tips markedly tapered and broadly white; dermal denticles uniscuspidate and lanceolate; larger number of vertebrae, precaudal 91-94, total 120-123 (vs. body dark grey to black; caudal fin with ventral and dorsal tips rounded and not white in colour; denticles tricuspidate and rhomboid; precaudal 86-90 and total 116-117 S. mitsukurii) (Ref. 122378).
Found in shallow waters of the upper continental slope (Ref. 122378).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Viana, S.T.F.L. and M.R. de Carvalho, 2020. Squalus shiraii sp. nov. (Squaliformes, Squalidae), a new species of dogfish shark from Japan with regional nominal species revisited. Zoosystematics and Evolution 96(2):275-311. (Ref. 122378)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00161 - 0.00714), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100).