Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Ambassidae
Etymology: Ambassis: Derived from Greek, anabasis = climbing up (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Philippines, Fiji and Carolines, north to Sagami Bay, Japan (Ref. 559).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 637)
soft rays: 9 - 10. Body all silvery and translucent with a dusky midlateral band. Back margin evenly dark. Membrane between 2nd and 3rd dorsal spine blackish. Mouth strongly oblique. Margin almost straight from the origin of the 1st dorsal snout.
Common in brackish waters near river mouths where it occurs in schools; sometimes found in upper streams (Ref. 559). Mainly marine but enters rivers (Ref. 4967).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29, mean 28.1 °C (based on 882 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00710 - 0.02446), b=2.95 (2.79 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming Fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .