Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 155 - 927 m (Ref. 244). Deep-water; 32°N - 15°S
Eastern Central Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico and Gulf of California. Cephalurus specimens from Panama, Peru and Chile differ from Cephalurus cephalus and may represent one or more new species.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); common length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244)
Found on the upper continental slope and outermost shelf. The expanded branchial region of this shark suggests that they are adapted to bottom areas with low dissolved oxygen levels. With little information available, reproductive mode could either be ovoviviparous (Ref. 244, 53776) or oviparous, paired eggs are laid (Ref. 50449).
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Other sources describe ovoviviparity as an alternative reproductive mode (Ref. 244, 53776).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.9 - 14.8, mean 9.5 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00208 - 0.00604), b=3.10 (2.94 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .