Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 25°N - 27°S, 34°E - 141°E
Indian Ocean: East Africa south to 27°S and east to Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5372)
Found on the reef edge and upper slope. Usually in current-prone habitats; juveniles secretive in corals (Ref. 48636). Generally seen in pairs or in small aggregations (Ref. 4858). Feed mainly on invertebrates (Ref. 6113). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205). Indian Ocean species counterpart of sibling Chaetodon ulietensis which is found in western and central Pacific (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).
Heemstra, P.C., 1986. Chaetodontidae. p. 627-632. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 5372)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 26.2 - 29.3, mean 28.2 °C (based on 766 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01133 - 0.04632), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 90.7 [47.1, 141.6] mg/100g; Iron = 0.762 [0.445, 1.241] mg/100g; Protein = 18.8 [17.7, 19.9] %; Omega3 = 0.11 [0.07, 0.17] g/100g; Selenium = 26.7 [15.1, 50.8] μg/100g; VitaminA = 52.2 [16.3, 166.8] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.31 [0.88, 1.89] mg/100g (wet weight);