Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Ehiravinae
Etymology: Clupeoides: Latin, clupea = sardine, derived from Clupeus = shield; + Greek, oides = similar (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic. Tropical; 17°N - 4°S
Asia: Chao Phraya basin and Mekong basin in Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam; also from southern Borneo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)
soft rays: 16 - 27. Body depth increasing with size of fish, belly sharply keeled, with 9 to 12 + 6 to 9 scutes. Pre-maxillae long and toothed; second supra-maxilla as long as or longer than blade of maxilla. Pectoral axillary scale at least 1/3 length of fin. No grey or silvery stripe along flank (Ref. 188). Last 2 rays of anal fin not forming a separate finlet (Ref. 43281).
Occurs in tidal zone of large rivers. Feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans. Reported as non-migratory, may move short distances from the main river channels during high water periods. Used to produce prahoc and tuk trey (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00370 - 0.02149), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 402 [207, 755] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.41 [1.40, 4.55] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.5 [16.4, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 1.12 [0.48, 2.63] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.7 [12.1, 71.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 89.6 [19.9, 428.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.44 [1.56, 3.75] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.