Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 44°N - 36°N
Europe: Iberian Peninsula, in Ebro and Douro drainages, and in some northeastern headwaters of Tagus.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Lamina circularis absent. Body depth is 9-11% of SL. Dorsal origin behind or above pelvic origin.
A short-lived species which inhabits upper and middle reaches of rivers, with shallow waters and stony bottom (Ref. 11240). Feeds mainly on aquatic invertebrates (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Matures at 1 yr of age (Ref. 59043). Is threatened due to pollution, habitat destruction and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100, 59043).
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00253 - 0.00789), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1; Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .