Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Coilia: Greek, koilia, -as = abdomen, hollow (Ref. 45335).
This species is synonym of Colia nasus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Mar. 2011: Ref. 86697). Please send references, or more studies are needed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic. Subtropical; 32°N - 27°N
Asia: Yangtze system (from near the mouth to beyond Tung Ting Lake, thus at least 1000 km up river), perhaps also in the Yellow River, but not in the sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116830)
soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 18 to 20 + 34 to 36 = 54 or 55 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla short, not reaching to edge of gill cover. Pectoral fin with 6 long filaments and 11 (rarely 12) branched fin rays, longer than those of pelvic fin. Anal fin long, the last fin ray joined to the caudal fin, which is small and pointed.
A purely freshwater species occurring in tributaries and associated lakes.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00173 - 0.00606), b=3.03 (2.87 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 3.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .