Family Zanobatidae - Panrays
No. in FishBase
Genera : 1 | Species : 2 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  First Fossil Record
Distribution: Eastern Atlantic, off Western Africa. Habitat: coastal on continental shelf; from shallow waters inshore to ca. 100 m depth. Morphology: size small to moderate (to ca. 60 cm TL); large pectoral fins forming a heart-shaped or subcircular, flattened disc; short and bluntly angled snout; tail slender, depressed and demarcated from disc; eyes on top to oval,no cusps on their crowns; nostril well-developed, just forward of mouth, connected to it by groove; nasal flaps (anterior nasal valves) are enlarged and cornet-shaped; body covered densely with tiny dermal denticles giving the skin a silky feel; clusters of thorns and thornlets on snout, around orbits, nape and shoulder area, in concentric rows on pectoral fins and in mid-dorsal row on trunk and tail; pectoral fins are developed and exposed in dorsal view (pectoral postrior margin covering pelvic-fin origins); posteior tail with 2 small and equal-sized dorsal fins, each with rounded apex and convex posterior amrgin; origin of first dorsal-finwell behind free rear tip of pelvic fins; elongated and rounded caudal fin without distinct lower lobe. Colour of dorsal surface brownish or greenish with variegated pattern of dark brown transverse bars and/or blotches, sometines with some white or black spots; ventral surface pale, with ot without dark posterior and pelvic-fin margins, sometimes with a few dark blotches scattered on the belly, sometimes darker oronasal an gill areas. Trophic ecology: bottom-dwellers, feeding on small invertebrates including crustaceans, worms and molluscs. Reproduction: ovaviviparous with only the right oviduct functional producing 1-4 pups after gestation period or about 5 months. Uses: caught as bycatch of bottom trawls and gillnets; meat not utilized because they are extremely difficult to skin and discarded by fishermen.
  Reproductive guild
  Typical activity level
  Main Ref.
  Deep Fin Classification

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[ e.g. 9948]
[ e.g. cephalopods]

Species/Synonymy list for the family Zanobatidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

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Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Zanobatus schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
Platyrhina schoenleinii Müller & Henle, 1841
Discobatus schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
Platyrhinoidis schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
! Zanobatus schoenleinni (Müller & Henle, 1841)
Platyrhinoidis atlantica Chabanaud, 1928
Zanobatus atlantica (Chabanaud, 1928)
Zanobatus atlanticus (Chabanaud, 1928)
Zanobatus maculatus Séret, 2016
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